"Since 1996, California Education Code (EC) Section 60800 has required that each local educational agency (LEA) administer a state-designated physical fitness test (PFT) to all students in grades five, seven, and nine. During the month of February, March, April, or May, the governing board of each LEA maintaining grades five, seven, or nine shall administer to each student in those grades the PFT. The test designated for this purpose by the State Board of Education is the Fitnessgram®. The Fitnessgram®, developed by The Cooper Institute, provides criterion-referenced standards to evaluate fitness. These standards represent minimum levels of fitness known to be associated with those health and physical characteristics that offer protection against diseases resulting from physical inactivity. Achievement of the fitness standards is based upon a score falling in the Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) for each of six fitness areas. The HFZ represents minimal levels of satisfactory achievement on the tasks. The goal is for students to achieve the HFZ for all six fitness areas of the physical fitness test." (California Department of Education, 2015).